Initially daily but now sporadic blog about anime and world animation with a specific focus on the artists behind the work. Written by Ben Ettinger.
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Friday, November 11, 2011

05:39:00 pm , 1086 words, 6479 views     Categories: Animation, OVA, Director: Masaaki Yuasa, Short

Masaaki Yuasa's The Squash Seller

Mind Game (2004) may be considered Masaaki Yuasa's debut as a feature film director, but in fact he had directed various short featurettes prior to that. Indeed, his first director credit came 12 years earlier in 1992 with a short film in an obscure little 6-volume direct-to-video series called Anime Rakugokan. Rakugo is a traditional Japanese live storytelling/comedy entertainment. Each volume in this series features a performance by a famous rakugo practitioner set to animation.

Back then Yuasa was at a studio called Ajia-do. Yuasa had joined the studio because it was run by two of his idols in animation - Tsutomu Shibayama and Osamu Kobayashi, who had been the figures behind some of the series that most influenced Yuasa over the years, namely the 1970s shows produced by Tokyo Movie with animation from A Production like Dokonjo Gaeru and Tensai Bakabon.

Yuasa directed the third volume of Anime Rakugokan in a style that was an intentional homage to the style of the masters who had influenced him. As a result, the film isn't immediately recognizable as Yuasa. It feels more A Pro than anything else he's since done. But the genius of the character design and animation are something only Yuasa could have created.

The video is currently up on Youtube. (search for かぼちゃ屋) Watch it while you can. Unfortunately it doesn't have subs so you won't be able to get the humor if you don't understand Japanese, but the fact is that every second of this film is a delight to watch just for the character animation, so it's well worth watching anyway.

I'd personally been looking for this film for years, and I just got the chance to see it today for the first time, and I was excited to discover how great a film it is. I've never seen this kind of character animation from Yuasa, but it's amazing. The character designs are great, and the way they're animated is constantly interesting. There isn't a single shot that I don't love in this film.

The character drawings in particular are really out there, but they work. The floating eyebrows on the squash seller are really something. I adore the way the hands are drawn with these big blocky forms. The hands are very emotive in this film. The faces are so supple and squishy. There's some new fun expression in almost every shot. There's even a tinge of caricature in the old man who hires the squash seller that reminds me of the great Japanese caricaturist Shoji Yamafuji. And the animation has a sense of split-second timing that's unique to Yuasa. The guy with the five o'clock shadow the squash seller pisses off in the street is the most obvious throwback to the A Pro style. He looks like he could have come straight out of Dokonjo Gaeru.

I even love the very flat, simple layouts of the film. The characters are right up there in your face, filling the screen in every shot. There's no pretense of realism or perspective or other mimetic fakery. It's a proudly cartoony film. At the same time, despite the simple layouts, more effort is put into the animation than many shows nowadays that consist mostly of close-ups of characters. Every character drawing is full of life and vitality. No two drawings of the characters are the same.

What's best about it is that its 'cartooniness' has nothing to do with western cartoons, which I have a hard time appreciating. It's a cartoon aesthetic that was essentially invented by the Japanese TV animators who forged their own approach to the medium in the 1960s and 1970s. It's inspired by the work of the A Pro animators, which itself was something truly new and unlike anything ever done before, but completely re-invented through Yuasa's pen.

The impressive thing about Yuasa is that even obscure shorts like Slime Adventures and the Nanchatte Vampiyan pilot that for years remained unseen and unobtainable turned out, when I finally saw them, to be great little films exploding with just the sort of incredible animation and visual creativity you'd expect of Yuasa. The same applies to The Squash Seller, in its own unique way.

Yuasa himself has said in an interview that he's embarrased about the film and wishes people wouldn't watch it, but that's just typical Yuasa humbleness. This is an awesome little gem that looks and moves like no other anime out there. The character style is obviously inspired by the classic A Pro shows, but Yuasa creates a look and feel that is uniquely his own. He learns from and surpasses the masters. I honestly wish he would do more stuff like this. We need an A Pro-style long-running slapstick comedy TV series directed by Masaaki Yuasa in the spirit of Tensai Bakabon or Dokonjo Gaeru.

This lost gem proves once again what a unique and multifaceted talent Masaaki Yuasa is. Thanks to Charles Brubaker for pointing this video out to me.

One of the other films in the series is also up on Youtube, but the contrast is instructive. It's the first volume, directed by Osamu Kobayashi. Kobayashi's character designs are appealingly oddball in a Manga Nihon Mukashibanashi-kind of way, but the animation is totally uninteresting compared with the electric and dynamic character animation of Yuasa's outing.

The other one I'm curious to see is the second episode, because it's animated by Masaya Fujimori, who is perhaps the best animator to emerge from Ajia-Do in the 1990s after Masaaki Yuasa. The second episode also features nicely stylized designs by Tsutomu Shibayama.

Bask in the delightful character drawings of Masaaki Yuasa's The Squash Seller:

Anime Rakugokan アニメ落語館 staff list

Volume 1: Uma no Dengaku (16 mins, released June 5, 1991)
Structure and director: Osamu Kobayashi
Animation: Yuji Shigekuni, Masahiro Koyama
Art: Hideo Chiba

Volume 2: Okechimyaku (16 mins, released June 5, 1991)
Character design: Tsutomu Shibayama
Structure and director: Yumiko Suda
Animation: Masaya Fujimori
Art: Hideo Chiba

Volume 3: Kabochaya (21 mins, released July 5, 1992)
Character design, structure and director: Masaaki Yuasa
Animation: Masaaki Yuasa, Masayuki Sekine
Art: Seiki Tamura

Volume 4: Tenshiki (21 mins, released ?)
Structure and director: Yumiko Suda
Character design and animation director: Hideyuki Funagoshi
Animation: Yukio Omori, Yoshiaki Tsubata, Yuji Shigekuni, Masato Tamakawa, Hideyuki Funagoshi
Art: Hideo Chiba

Volume 5: Tarachine / Tsuru (8 mins each, released ?)
Director and animation: Hideo Kawauchi
Art: Atelier Roku
Director: Kazuki Okonogi
Animation director: Takeshi Shiki
Art: Atelier Roku

Volume 6: Hitomeagari / Kawarime (8 mins each, released ?)
Director: Kazuki Okonogi
Animation Director: Takeshi Shiki
Art: Atelier Roku
Director: Kazuki Okonogi
Animation director: Michishiro Yamada, Reiko Suzuki
Art: Atelier Roku



aaron_long [Member]

Great animation and designs in this. Any chance to see more work by Yuasa is a real treat. The format of cutting back to the live action actor on a stage is pretty bizarre, but to be fair it might make more sense if I could understand what was being said.

And thanks for telling us how to find it, too.

11/12/11 @ 08:36
cbrubaker [Member]

Ah, I was wondering why the style was similar to the ’70s TMS/A Pro. shows. Thanks for the info!

11/13/11 @ 14:59